Friday, October 19, 2012
Peace? It's a Dangerously Flexible Concept
The Canadian debate over the F-35 has always overlooked perhaps the most critical issue. We never want to discuss what signing on for the F-35 means for Canada's defence policy and posture. Yet that airplane, as none other could, will steer our defence policy and posture for decades to come.
The F-35 is the love child of America's 21st century hyper-militarism. It's not a fighter, that's just bullshit. The F-35 is a light attack bomber, a "penetration" warplane intended to wrap itself in stealth protection to enter heavily defended airspace, bomb some target, and get back out again. Like all bombers, it's a "straight line" warplane. Even the manufacturer says that.
Here's something everyone can understand. Canada won't be attacking anyone with sophisticated air defences, say Russia or China, on our own. So that must mean our political and military leadership envisage using our light attack bomber in conjunction with someone else or under some other military's command. Hmm, what country might that be? Presumably it would be a country that has the specialized support aircraft the F-35 needs in order to operate - the United States.
Which raises the question of just what Canadians know of United States defence and diplomatic policy today, the policies we're signing on to support? Should we maybe take a look at what we're getting ourselves in for?
We like to think the United States just wants peace, first and foremost - peace. But, as career soldier turned professor, Andrew Bacevich points out in the latest Harper's magazine, peace to America today has taken on a much different meaning.
"Peace means different things to different governments and countries. To some it suggests harmony based on tolerance and mutual respect. To others it serves as a euphemism for dominance, defining the relationship between the strong and the supine.
"....A nation committed to peace-as-harmony will tend to employ force as a last resort. The United States once subscribed to this view...
"A nation seeking peace-as-dominion will use force more freely. This has long been an Israeli predilection. Since the end of the cold War and especially since 9/11, however, it has become America's as well.
"...For Israel, peace derives from security, which must be absolute and assured. Defined this way, security requires not simply military advantage but military supremacy, and threats to supremacy require anticipatory action, the earlier the better.
"...What's hard to figure out is why the United States would choose to follow Israel's path. A partial explanation may lie with the rightward tilt of American politics that began in the late 1970s, affecting the way both Republicans and Democrats have approached national security ever since. Among hawks in both parties, Israeli pugnacity strikes a chord. As a political posture it can also win votes.
"...Over the course of the Bush/Clinton/Bush/Obama quarter-century, following in Israel's path is precisely what we've done. The pursuit of global military dominance, a proclivity for preemption, a growing taste for assassination, all justified to self-defense: that pretty much sums up our m.o."
"...We have choices that Israel does not. In disregarding those choices the United States has stumbled into an Israel-like condition of perpetual war, with peace increasingly tied to the unrealistic expectation that adversaries and would-be adversaries will acquiesce to Washington's will."
Canada could pay dearly for failing to recognize the metamorphosis of the modern American politic into a true, permanent warfare state. Washington has adopted military force and coercion over diplomacy as its principle instruments of foreign policy. The F-35 is a "top tier" instrument of military coercion. Do we really want to get in on that? If we do, shouldn't we first have a candid and honest debate on the question.