The Guardian thinks it could be.
Officials in Catalonia, the northeast state of Spain, claim a 90% "yes" vote for independence.
It might as well have been 60%. A Madrid government so ready, even eager, to visit police brutality on peaceful Catalans seeking nothing more than to cast a ballot in the referendum and also a government in utter denial, may have clinched the very outcome they were so ruthless to avoid.
Spain is in crisis, and its prime minister appears to be in denial. The run-up to Sunday’s referendum on independence for Catalonia made it clear that the country was in trouble. But neither those arranging it nor those rejecting it can fully have anticipated the scenes at polling stations: police in riot gear beating peaceful protesters with batons, dragging voters out by the hair or throwing them down stairs, firing rubber bullets to disperse crowds – even striking at Catalan firefighters and jostling with Catalan police.